New weather stations help us get ready for winter

With winter approaching, we're investing £15.4m in a new state-of-the-art network of weather stations, including supporting infrastructure, that will provide real-time data of road conditions

New weather stations help us get ready for winter


23 Oct 2023

As the clocks go back this month, we're ready for the winter season with more than 530 gritters to call upon in adverse conditions and around 280,000 tonnes of salt at 128 depots across our network.

Working with manufacturer Vaisala, we'll be upgrading 125 weather stations by 2025, with plans for around 100 more between 2025 and 2030. Our existing weather stations are up to 25 years old, so the new ones will have the latest technology.

Weather station

Darren Clark, our Severe Weather Resilience Manager, said:

“Our investment in upgrading our weather stations is just the latest way we are developing our weather forecasting capability.

“We are ready for the winter season and will be out and about day or night when the roads need salting. We have the people, systems and technology in place to know where and when to grit and will be working to keep people moving safely on our roads whatever weather conditions we get.”

The weather stations feature atmospheric sensors and road sensors cabled from the weather station to the road. They'll measure snow and ice, visibility in fog, high winds, flooding, air temperature, humidity and precipitation for the hazard of aquaplaning.

Erik Sucksdorff, Vaisala’s Sales Director for Ground Transportation in Europe, said:

“Our weather stations provide accurate, real-time weather information for effective short and long-term forecasting and monitoring of severe weather conditions.

“To keep the roads safe and passable, the road surface and atmospheric weather must be continuously monitored. Weather conditions such as snow and ice, heavy rain, fog, and high winds can impact road safety in many different ways. Providing reliable information is vital for winter maintenance operations.”

The first weather station will be introduced on the A56 near Accrington on 24 October and is expected to be operating the following day.

Abigail Oakes, Senior Account Manager at the Met Office, said:

“We are delighted to continue our close working relationship with National Highways this autumn and winter season.  Good quality, real-time observations such as these are essential to any weather forecast.

“With our expert meteorologists working embedded within the team at National Highways, we’re able to provide a bespoke service that provides the best possible support for road users throughout the winter months. Together with our national forecast and severe weather warning service, we’re able to work with National Highways to help roads run as smoothly as possible in the coming months.”

The new weather stations, also known as Environmental Sensor Stations (ESS), are moving from domain-based data which read weather conditions in the surrounding area to route-based data which reads weather conditions on a particular road.

The weather monitor itself has a backup battery in the event of power loss, a full suite of sensors and twin cameras facing up and down the road to see the condition of the road. The information is relayed to our Severe Weather Information Service which in turn informs its control rooms across the country.

  • Road surface sensors - embedded within the road surface, installed flush with the surface, the sensors take a variety of measurements and observations of the road surface. They're used in a road weather station to provide accurate and reliable information on the surface state (wet, dry, icy, frost, snow, chemical/salt presence) and surface temperature.
  • Atmospheric sensors (air temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, wind speed, wind direction, visibility) provide information that can be critical to the overall traveling environment.

Our existing weather stations run on landline or modem lines, whereas the new stations will run on National Roadside Telecommunications Service (NRTS).

Ready for autumn and winter seasons  

Autumn and winter can bring more adverse and severe weather conditions which can affect motorists such as fog, heavy rain, high winds and gales and ice and snow.

Along with managing our network of more than 250 weather stations, we work with independent meteorological experts Metdesk which run from October 1 to April 30 and complement the national Met Office weather forecast, providing a level of granularity and precision about changing road surface temperatures across our road network. This gives us the detailed knowledge determine where and when to salt roads so they remain open and safe for people to use. 

We have around 530 gritting vehicles, which equates to one gritter for every eight miles of road we manage. Of these, 443 are Romaquip-Volvo vehicles introduced since the start of the 2018 season which have the following features: 

  • Enhanced performance: The Romaquip gritters can travel at a maximum speed of 50mph when salt spreading - 10 miles an hour faster than earlier vehicles – helping to keep traffic moving on the roads during periods of salt spreading. 
  • Eco-friendly: They are the cleanest and most efficient diesel heavy goods vehicles available in the UK, meeting Euro 6 requirements - the latest EU emission standards for heavy-duty CI (diesel) engines to reduce harmful exhaust emissions. 
  • Smart technology: On-board functions allow salting routes to be uploaded directly into the vehicle cockpit, assisting drivers with the latest information on where and when to salt. 
  • Precision spreading: Latest tech advances enable drivers to choose the most appropriate treatment in different road conditions

Explore more online

Get driving advice on our travelling in severe weather web pages.

Weather forecasts and information can be found on the Met Office website.

Travel information can be found by visiting our Travel updates page, by following our regional channels on X, formerly Twitter, or calling the National Highways Customer Contact Centre on 0300 123 5000.